Let’s get started learning how to trade bitcoin!
Bitcoin trading is actually pretty straightforward once you get the hang of it. Being the premier cryptocurrency, it is pretty straightforward to buy and sell them as and when you want to. Bitcoin has a history of volatility which has brought in a lot of traders and media interest into the ecosystem.
Every time Bitcoin’s price rises, new investors and speculators want their share of profits. It is extremely easy for anyone to trade Bitcoin as the barrier for entry is. so low. So, how do you get your slice of the pie?
Well, this guide will help you make your trading decisions. So, before you get into the “how to buy” let’s start with the “why to buy“.
Why Should You Trade Bitcoin?
The reason why you should invest in Bitcoin, and cryptocurrencies in general, is because there is nothing quite like it. There are several features that makes Bitcoin trading both exciting and unique.
Bitcoin is Not Fiat
Bitcoin isn’t fiat currency, i.e., it is not under the control of one single government. So, instead of one single economy having a stranglehold over price of the asset, Bitcoin’s price has reacted to a wide range of events.
Let’s look at some events over the last few years which has affected the price of Bitcoin.
UK’s decision to opt out of the European
Union has caused quite a scene with their local economy. As a result of this, exchange giants Binance had stated that they have been “overwhelmed” by registrations for its new Jersey-based trading platform because of insane demand. Binance Jersey allows users to trade euros and British pounds with bitcoin and ethereum and access digital asset management services.
Demonetization was a move by Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi which made the Rs. 500 and Rs. 1000 notes non legal tender. Just 18 days after the demonetization declaration, Bitcoin’s price on Zebpay, one of India’s leading exchanges, went up from $757 to $1,020 ( Back then, BTC was trending for $770 in the US.
Immediately after Trump’s victory, the markets started falling. Dow Jones, S&P 500 and Nasdaq were all plummeting. Quite similarly, Australian markets lost USD 30 billion. However, Bitcoin was a whole different story. Just before the election night, it went up to $740 due to problems encountered by the Mexican peso. After that, it went down to $705 and then went to $739 as soon as Trump got elected.
From all these three cases, we can make one simple and obvious conclusion. People have a tendency to invest in Bitcoin when faced with unstable markets and obstacles confronting fiat currencies
Bitcoin is open 24/7
Unlike stock markets, Bitcoin is open 24X7. The reason being stock markets are specific to the country they operate in and usually reflect the working hours of that country. Anyone can purchase bitcoin on most of the exchanges. There are hundreds of exchanges around the world that operate 24/7.!
Bitcoin is Volatile
Bitcoin and cryptocurrencies, in general, are infamous for its rapid and frequent price movements. This volatility can help traders make an easy, quick buck.
How does Bitcoin work?
Before you invest in an asset, you should at least know how it works. We have covered the mechanics behind the crypto several times here in detail. However, for the uninitiated, we will give a brief overview. If you are already aware of the mechanics, then please skip to the next section.
Bitcoin was created by an unknown programmer who goes by the pseudonym “Satoshi Nakamoto.” Bitcoin is powered by blockchain technology.
The blockchain is a time-stamped series of an immutable record of data that is managed by a cluster of computers not owned by any single entity. Each of these blocks of data (i.e. block) is secured and bound to each other using cryptographic principles (i.e. chain). Ok, so what does that mean in simple terms?
Imagine a universal ledger that anyone can download and write into. Anybody who has a copy of that ledger can:
- Check the records that have been logged into the ledger.
- Check the time at which those records were logged.
- Cannot tamper with any of the previously made entries because the ledger is immutable. This property of “immutability” is one of the most important features of the blockchain and it gains it through cryptographic hash functions.
That is what Bitcoin gave to us, the first proper implementation of a technology that can act as an immutable and transparent ledger. This innovation gives us a system that is completely incorruptible and free from human corruption since each and every transaction made into the blockchain can be checked.
How Do Transactions Work?
One of the most valuable things about Bitcoin is that you don’t need to go through a bank to send a transaction. As the community likes to say “you are your own bank.” So, how do they manage to do that? Through public key cryptography.
Every Bitcoin user has a private key and a public address that are both mathematically derived from each other. So, how does it work? It is actually pretty straightforward. The public address is like your account number and the private key is like your PIN code When you receive Bitcoins, people will send it to your public address. You can then send your Bitcoins to anyone via your private key.
So, going by that explanation, we can make two observations:
- You should reveal your public address to everyone.
- You should never tell your private key to anyone.
It really is as simple as that.
This should give you a brief idea of what Bitcoin is and how it works. This is the reason why Bitcoin has become such a big deal. Now, let’s look into how we can get your hands on some,!
The Gateway to Crypto Exchanges
The exchange serves as one of the most critical functions in the crypto ecosystem. It acts as a portal between the Fiat world and the crypto world. A cryptocurrency exchange is similar to a stock exchange, but with a focus on cryptocurrency tokens rather than stock trades. Put simply, a crypto exchange is a platform where customers can buy and sell cryptocurrency assets.
An exchange can be designed with certain goals:
- To make the process as beginner friendly as possible.
- Yo offer competitive pricing.
- Provide a platform for experienced and professional crypto traders.
Broadly speaking, there are two forms crypto exchanges:
- Fiat-to-crypto exchanges.
- Crypto-to-crypto exchanges.
Fiat to Crypto
Fiat to Crypto exchanges helps you buy Cryptocurrencies in exchange for Fiat money. These exchanges have been designed to be as beginner-friendly as possible. Kraken, Coinbase and Bitbuy are perfect examples of fiat-to-crypto exchanges. You can use BitBuy to directly buy Bitcoin, Bitcoin Cash, Ether, Ripple, and Litecoin.
Crypto to Crypto
These exchanges help you exchange certain cryptos like BTC, ETH, BCH, etc. for other cryptocurrencies. Binance is a fine example of a crypto-to-crypto exchange. These are the exchanges that are geared more towards the experienced traders than the beginners.Crypto exchanges deal with an insane amount of money on a daily basis. In fact, check out how much the top 5 exchanges (ranked according to transaction volume in the last 24 hours) measure up:Adding everything up, these five exchanges have had a staggering $9,544,591,940 worth of transaction volume in the last 24 hours! Alright, so that’s a lot of numbers. So, where exactly do you get started?If you are Canadian then the answer is pretty straightforward. Bitbuy.
Bitbuy- The Premier Canadian Exchange
Bitbuy is a Canadian owned and operated digital currency platform. Founded in 2013, Bitbuy has consistently provided Canadians with a dependable and trustworthy platform to buy and sell their cryptocurrencies. As already explained, Bitbuy was a fiat-to-crypto exchange where you can deposit Canadian dollars directly onto their website, to be exchanged for digital currency. Their headquarters are located in Toronto, Ontario and their services are available for Canadian traders across the country.
Bitbuy’s Purchases and Payment Methods
Bitbuy.ca accepts the following payment methods:
- Bank wire
- Interac Online
- Interac e-Transfer
- Flexepin vouchers
- Express Interac e-Transfer
Another interesting feature of Bitbuy is that there are no fees for withdrawing your cryptocurrency. You can send your crypto to a private wallet, free of charge. This makes it ideal for long-term investors who want to hold on to their cryptocurrency.
Your first-time purchases will be held for one to three business days for security reasons. If you have a verified account and have made more than three transactions on Bitbuy, your funds will be available in real time.
Customer support in Bitbuy
Bitbuy also has very prompt customer support. You can do the following to receive support on your query:
- Access the support section of the site and use the “Submit a request” button.
- Use the live chat support.
- Contact them via email or phone.
- If you live in Toronto then you can simply go to their office if needed.
How safe is Bitbuy?
Bitbuy is a division of First Ledger Corp, which is a Toronto based blockchain and digital currency company. They have stated that the exchange complies with all Canadian laws. They have also taken the following precautions to keep your data safe:
- Bitbuy uses Secure Socket Layer (SSL) technology to protect users.
- They also utilize two-factor authentication for additional security.
- Bitbuy.ca operates with a 95% cold storage reserve for all digital currencies held on the site and executes daily encrypted and distributed backups to avoid any implications or attacks.
- Buy cryptocurrencies directly with Canadian dollars.
- Searches for competitive rates across multiple exchanges.
- Express Interac e-Transfer allows for two-hour funding
- Users can choose from several payment options.
- Bank Wire payment method allows for high deposit limits.
- Pre-purchase transaction pricing calculator.
- Allows for quick CAD withdrawals.
- It only offers BTC, BCH, ETH, XRP, and LTC.
If you are a Canadian citizen, then you can go to Bitbuy right now and create your own account to start trading.
Kraken – The Premier American Exchange
If you are American then the answer is pretty straightforward. Kraken.
Kraken is a well established international cryptocurrency exchange, originally based out of San Francisco. Kraken allows users to fund their accounts in Canadian dollars and has several Canadian dollar trading pairs. Kraken operates a small office in Halifax, Nova Scotia, that handles their Canadian operations and support.
Kraken has limited funding options compared to other Canadian exchanges. Currently, the only way to deposit Canadian dollars onto aken is by bank wire, meaning you will need to physically travel to your bank and process a wire transfer in order to use the service. Certainly not the most convenient funding method, but if you are willing to complete the process, Kraken is a good platform to use for advanced features.
Maybe their best feature, Kraken allows users to margin trade, meaning users can borrow funds to buy digital assets. This is an advanced tactic that can be tricky, but it can profitable if you know what you are doing.
Kraken also offers discounts to high volume traders, something not many other exchanges offer. Although Kraken offers some of the best feature sets and a selection of many altcoins, it suffers from a lack of popularity in Canada. Some of the CAD pairings that they offer have low trading volume, meaning if you are planning on buying a large amour you may encounter price slippage and pay a higher price than you would have hoped for your digital currency. Kraken benefits from being a top international exchange and has good support as well as constant upgrades.
- Low Fees
- Margin trading
- Advanced trading platform with many features
- Limited funding options
- Low volume for Altcoin/CAD pairings
How do I become a verified member?
The moment you become a verified member, you are entitled to use any payment method you want to fund your Bitbuy account. For verfiication, you will need to submit the required KYC details. The documents you must submit are:
- A color copy of your passport or driver’s license.
- A copy of a bank statement or utility bill showing your name and proof of address.
- A photo of yourself holding your government-issued ID.
- If the account is a business account, then additional documents proving the “authority to act on behalf of a corporation” should be submitted.
The entire verification process usually takes between one to three business days.
How to Trade Bitcoin
There are a lot of ways that you can trade Bitcoin and cryptocurrencies and it is entirely dependent on what you want to gain from your investments and how much time are you willing to give to trading. As per IG, there are four main kinds of trading:
- Day trading
- Swing trading
- Passive trading.
NOTE: Diagrams in this section have been taken from IG.
Day traders open and close their position within one single trading day.
This strategy works for traders who want to take advantage of short-term opportunities in the Bitcoin market which may come about in light of developing news or emerging patterns.
Swing traders catch trends in price movements the moment they form and hold onto it until the trend experiences a reversal. This strategy is great if you want to take advantage of market momentum.
Make several intra-day trades on minor price movements. If you are the kind of trader who would make several small frequent profits rather than wait for a big opportunity,
If you are a long-term holder or you want to just get into the crypto market and try out your hand then passive trading may be ideal for you. The idea is as straightforward as it is timeless. Wait for the price to drop to a certain level and buyin. Wait for the price to go up to a certainlevel and buy out.
Unlike the other forms of trading, the time length between buying and selling can last for several days, weeks, months, and even years.
Fundamental Analysis vs Technical Analysis
The two most important tools to keep in mind while trading, are fundamental analysis and technical analysis.
This analysis looks at the big picture instead of pricè movements. When you are doing a fundamental analysis of a coin, you are looking at:
- The developer’s activity surrounding the coin. How many projects or positive developments is the project going through. Recently, Cardano’s value jumped by a significant amount after they released the mainnet version 1.5.
- The mainstream integration of the coin. Is some company or mainstream platform integrating the coin? If yes then that is going to significantly affect the price. Stellar XLM gained almost 50% in March 2019 after IBM announced the launch of World Wire, a model for cross border payments using the Stellar protocol.
- Significant world events can alter the price of the cryptocurrency as well as has been already discussed in this guide.
Keeping yourself up-to-date on all the current events is imperative for solid fundamental analysis.
Technical analysis is a tool, or method, used to predict the probable future price movement of a currency pair, cryptocurrency pair, or stock. It can be creative and dynamic which helps you gain a very deep perspective into the coin.
The core assumption behind Technical analysis is thus: Regardless of what’s currently happening in the world, price movements speak for themselves, and tell some sort of a story that helps you predict what will happen next.
You can read the first part of our two-part guide on technical analysis to gain more insight.
Common mistakes to avoid in Bitcoin Trading
Having an itchy trading finger
Because of crypto’s volatility and the general public’s FOMO, people tend to overtrade. One thing you need to understand is that trading cryptocurrency is quite like gambling and isn’t an exact science. Don’t overplay your hand especially when you lack disposable income. Sure you can gain a lot but you can lose a lot as well.
Trading without any strategy is a fool’s errand. Take your time and do some research. Learn about the coins and learn about certain trading strategies. Learn about the exchanges and choose the one which will benefit you the most.
Also, people tend to invest in the same coins that their friends are investing in. While there is nothing in taking advice, you should combine advice with your own research.
Giving in to emotions
Fear and greed are the two most common emotions when it comes to investors. Fear can cause you to not dive into a coin when it is ready or it can cause you to leave your trade prematurely. Conversely, greed can cause you to have blind and baseless faith in a particular coin or it may make you hold on to a trade way past its expiry trade. Do not give in to emotions, stay as rational as possible.
Not learning from Mistakes
It doesn’t matter whether you are a beginner or an expert, you will make mistakes. However, what separates the professional traders from the novices is the ability to learn and grow from those mistakes. If you misread a pattern the first time then that’s an honest mistake. If you misread the same pattern a second time then it is completely on you.