International Mountain Day 2021 theme, quotes and wishes

International Mountain Day 2021 theme

This year, the theme of International Mountain Day is Sustainable Mountain Tourism.

Mountain Day quotes 2021

“After climbing a great hill, one only finds that there are many more hills to climb.” – Nelson Mandela

It’s not the mountain we conquer, but ourselves.” – Sir Edmund Hillary

“Getting to the top is optional. Getting down is mandatory.” – Ed Viesturs

“I like geography best, he said, because your mountains & rivers know the secret. Pay no attention to boundaries.” – Brian Andreas

“Every mountain top is within reach if you just keep climbing.” – Barry Finlay

“Somewhere between the bottom of the climb and the summit is the answer to the mystery why we climb.” – Greg Child

“Only if you have been in the deepest valley, can you ever know how magnificent it is to be on the highest mountain.” – Richard M Nixon

Mountain Day wishes 2021

They are the ones who protect us and they are also the ones who bring us rain. Save them for we need them. Warm wishes on International Mountain Day.
Without mountains, life will not be the same because Earth will not be the same. The onus of protecting them lies on us. Happy International Mountain Day.
The occasion of International Mountain Day reminds us that for our survival, we need mountains and we must do all that we can to protect them.
They have shielded us from our enemies and they have also provided us with waters to drink. On International Mountain Day, let us promise to protect them.
Mountains inspire us to always be strong. Mountains motivate us to stand tall against all our problems. Let us save our mountains. Happy International Mountain Day!
Without mountains, the scenery of nature would be incomplete. Warm wishes on International Mountain Day!

International Mountain Day is celebrated annually on 11 December to to create awareness about the importance of mountains to life, to highlight the opportunities and constraints in mountain development, and to build alliances that will bring positive change to mountain peoples and environments around the world.

Mountains are the world’s “water  towers,” providing 60-80% of all freshwater resources for our planet. At least half of the world’s population depends on mountain ecosystem  services to survive – not only water, but also food and clean energy.

However,  all available records indicate that glaciers in mountain ranges around  the world are retreating and disappearing due to climate change. At  least 600 glaciers have disappeared completely over past decades,  affecting water supplies relied on by billions living downstream. For example, in Pakistan, water originating from the Hindu Kush Himalayas  provides 80% of irrigation for the Indus Basin, where food is grown for 180 million people. 

Major cities such as Rio de Janeiro, New York, Nairobi and Tokyo rely almost exclusively on freshwater from mountains.

Types of Mountains

Upwarped Mountains

Upwarped mountains occur when pressure inside the earth pushes the crust upwards in the center, forming gently sloped mountains. Upward mountains can be found in the Black Hills in South Dakota.

Volcanic Mountains

We usually think of mountains as being pretty cool, maybe even cloudy at the top, but these mountains are explosive cones of molten hot lava (or magma)! Or, at least they start that way. A crack in the earth, called a volcanic vent, is the start of a volcanic mountain. When the magma inside the earth’s core heats enough, it explodes out as lava. Lava is magma that is exposed to the atmosphere. The lava piles up and eventually cools, forming a cone on the surface. This cone builds up and builds and eventually becomes a volcanic mountain. Volcanic mountains may be active, meaning they are erupting; dormant, meaning it is not currently erupting but may in the future; or extinct, meaning it has not erupted for over 10,000 years. Here, you can see an active volcano in Hawaii is erupting, which will create an even larger mountain when the lava cools.

Fault-Block Mountains

Tectonic plates are large slabs of the earth’s crust that move according to the heating and cooling of liquid magma below the surface. These movements can form fault-block mountains; mountains created when one plate moves down and the other moves up or when the plates slide past each other. Tectonic plate movements are also the cause of earthquakes.

When one plate moves up and the other plate moves down, a large difference in height is created, called a rift. These changes in height can be drastic enough to form fault-block mountains. Many famous mountain ranges are caused by rifting, such as the Sierra Nevada mountain range in California or the Harz Mountains in Germany. Right here, you can see two mountains from the Sierra Nevada range.

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