Till 2019, India had 29 States and 7 Union Territories but in 2019 the Parliament of India passed an act by which the state of Jammu and Kashmir was broken down into two union territories of Ladakh and Jammu & Kashmir. Subsequently in 2020, Union Territories of Daman and Diu and Dadar & Nagar Haveli were merged together to form a new Union Territory by the name of “Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Daman & Diu”.
States and Capitals of India
India has 28 States and 8 Union Territories at present. Each Indian state has administrative, legal and judicial capital. Every state has its own Chief Minister who governs the state.
|S.No||States Name||Capital||Founded on||Population (2021 Estimates)||Official Languages|
|1||Andhra Pradesh||Amaravati||1 Nov. 1956||5.27 Crores||Telugu|
|2||Arunachal Pradesh||Itanagar||20 Feb. 1987||15.33 Lakhs||English|
|3||Assam||Dispur||26 Jan. 1950||3.50 Crores||Assamese|
|4||Bihar||Patna||22 Mar. 1912||12.30 Crores||Hindi|
|5||Chhattisgarh||Raipur||1 Nov. 2000||2.95 Crores||Chhattisgarhi|
|6||Goa||Panaji||30 May. 1987||16 Lakhs||Konkani|
|7||Gujarat||Gandhinagar||1 May. 1960||7 Crores||Gujarati|
|8||Haryana||Chandigarh||1 Nov. 1966||2.95 Crores||Hindi|
|9||Himachal Pradesh||Shimla||25 Jan. 1971||74 Lakhs||Hindi|
|10||Jharkhand||Ranchi||15 Nov. 2000||3.85 Crores||Hindi|
|11||Karnataka||Bengaluru||1 Nov. 1956||6.70 Crores||Kannada|
|12||Kerala||Thiruvananthapuram||1 Nov. 1956||3.55 Crores||Malayalam|
|13||Madhya Pradesh||Bhopal||1 Nov. 1956||8.45 Crores||Hindi|
|14||Maharashtra||Mumbai||1 May. 1960||12.44 Crores||Marathi|
|15||Manipur||Imphal||21 Jan. 1972||31.65 Lakhs||Meiteilon (Manipuri)|
|16||Meghalaya||Shillong||21 Jan. 1972||33 Lakhs||Garo, Khasi, Pnar & English|
|17||Mizoram||Aizawl||20 Feb. 1987||12.16 Lakhs||Mizo|
|18||Nagaland||Kohima||1 Dec. 1963||22 Lakhs||English|
|19||Odisha||Bhubaneswar||26 Jan. 1950||4.55 Crores||Odia|
|20||Punjab||Chandigarh||1 Nov. 1966||3 Crores||Punjabi|
|21||Rajasthan||Jaipur||1 Nov. 1956||7.92 Crores||Hindi|
|22||Sikkim||Gangtok||16 May. 1975||6.77 Lakhs||Nepali|
|23||Tamil Nadu||Chennai||26 Jan. 1950||7.65 Crores||Tamil|
|24||Telangana||Hyderabad||2 Jun. 2014||3.80 Crores||Telugu|
|25||Tripura||Agartala||21 Jan. 1972||41 Lakhs||Bengali & Kokborok|
|26||Uttar Pradesh||Lucknow||26 Jan. 1950||23 Crores||Hindi|
|27||Uttarakhand||Dehradun||9 Nov. 2000||1.14 Crores||Hindi|
|28||West Bengal||Kolkata||1 Nov. 1956||9.8 Crores||Bengali|
Union Territories and Capitals
Listed below are the 8 Union Territories of India with their respective capitals in an alphabetical order.
|S.No||Union Territories Name||Population (2021 Estimates)||Capital|
|1||Andaman and Nicobar Islands||4 Lakhs||Port Blair|
|3||Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Daman & Diu||10.77 Lakhs||Daman|
|4||Delhi||3.5 crores||New Delhi|
|5||Jammu and Kashmir||1.34 Crores||Srinagar (Summer) Jammu (Winter)|
Difference Between States, Capitals and Union Territories
The basic difference between Indian States and capitals and Union territories are as follows:
|States of India||Union Territories|
|States are defined as administrative units with a democratically elected government.||The Union governs a small administrative unit known as Union Territory.|
|Administered by the State Legislature: Governor, Chief Minister & Council of Ministers||Administered by the Central Government through Lieutenant Governors & Administrators.|
|Relation with Centre is Federal in character||Relation with Centre is Unitary in character|
|Chief Minister is the executive head||Lieutenant is the executive head|
Latest Updates on States and Capitals of India
- India has had 8 union territories since January 26, 2020. The union territories of Daman and Diu, Dadra and Nagar Haveli, and Dadra and Nagar Haveli have merged into one.
- The central government also announced on August 5 that the special status granted to Jammu and Kashmir under Article 370 would be revoked, and that the state would be divided into: Jammu and Kashmir UTs and Ladakh UTs.
- The number of UTs has shrunk to eight following the merger of Daman and Diu and Dadra and Nagar Haveli.
There are 28 States in India at present, 2022.
There are 8 Union Territories in India at present, 2022
New Delhi is the national capital of India.
Goa is the smallest smallest state in India by area.
Lakshwadeep is the smallest Union Territory of India.